Holidays and Festivities

Holidays and Festivities(2016)
Friday, 1 January
New Year’s Day (Yılbaşı) – National Holiday – First day of the new year.

Saturday, 23 April
National Sovereignty and Children’s Day (Ulusal Eğemenlik ve Çocuk Bayramı) – National Holiday – Commemoration of the first opening of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in Ankara (1920). Dedicated to the children.

Sunday, 1 May
Labor and Solidarity Day (Emek ve Dayanışma Günü) – National Holiday.

Thursday, 19 May
Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth & Sports Day (Atatürk’ü Anma Gençlik ve Spor Bayramı) – National Holiday – The arrival of Atatürk in Samsun in 1919, the beginning of the War of Independence. Dedicated to the youth.

Monday, 04 July
Sugar (Ramadan) Feast’s Eve (Ramazan Bayramı Arifesi) – Religious Holiday – ½ day.

Tuesday, 05 – Thursday, 07 July
Sugar (Ramadan) Feast (Ramazan Bayramı) – Religious Holidays – Three-day festival to celebrate the end of fasting (Ramadan) where plenty of sweets are eaten.

Tuesday, 30 August
Victory Day (Zafer Bayramı) – National Holiday – Victory over the allied forces during the final battle in Dumlupınar in 1922, ending the War of Independence. Dedicated to the armed forces.

Sunday, 11 September
Feast of the Sacrifice’s Eve (Kurban Bayramı Arifesi) – Religious Holiday – ½ day.

Monday, 12 – Thursday, 15 September
Feast of the Sacrifice (Kurban Bayramı) – Religious Holidays – Four-day festival where sheep are sacrificed/slaughtered and their meat is distributed to the poor.

Friday, 28 October
Republic Day’s Eve (Cumhuriyet Bayramı Arifesi) – National Holiday – ½ day.

Saturday, 29 October
Republic Day (Cumhuriyet Bayramı) – National Holiday – Anniversary of the proclamation of the Turkish Republic in 1923.

School Holidays in Turkey

Semester break 2 weeks
Summer holiday 12 weeks

Festivities in Aydin(2016)
Festivities in Aydın (2016)

Camel Wrestling Festival in İncirliova
Date and Place: İncirliova – January 1

Culture, Art and Camel Wrestling Festival in Germencik
Date and Place: Germencik – 13 January

23.International Camel Wrestling Festival
Date and Place: Çine – February 17

3. Culture, Art and Literature Festival
Date and Place: Nazilli – March 30 to April 8

44. International Culture and Art Festival in Nysa
Date and Place: Sultanhisar – 3 to 5 May

Agriculture, Strawberry, Culture and Art Festival in Atça
Date and Place: Sultanhisar – May 2nd week

Paragliding Festival in Koçarlı
Date and Place: Koçarlı – May 18 to 19

Mountaineering Festival in Koçarlı
Date and Place: Koçarlı – May 26 to 27

Pine Nuts Festival in Koçarlı
Date and Place: Koçarlı – 31 May -02 June

Culture and Art and Promotion Festival in Aphrodisias Karacasu
Date and Place: Karacasu – 1 to 2 September

10th International Folk Dance Festival in Nazilli
Date and Place: Nazilli – 25 March to 3 April

Traditional Fig and Culture Festival in İncirliova
Date and Place: İncirliova – 7 to 8 September

Culture, Art and Fig Festival in Germencik
Date and Place: Germencik – September 7 to 15

Camel Wrestling Festival in Sultanhisar
Date and Place: Sultanhisar – December 22 to 23


The cultural activities that one can engage in Turkey are only limited by individual interests and capabilities. Be it arts, hobby, entertainment or other leisure activities, the possibilities are countless. In all major cities movies, plays, concerts, ballets, operas and other varieties of cultural activities are awaiting either participants or spectators. Local festivals and more traditional forms of leisure activities are also rising in popularity.

Turkey’s rich geography and suitable terrain make the country an ideal place for alternative sports such as mountaineering, golf, scuba diving, rafting, skiing and yachting. Naturally, well-established and popular sports like football, basketball, volleyball have a considerable number of players and supporters all over the country.

Geographically located in both Asia and Europe, Turkey has a climate allowing extreme variations in climatic conditions, often in the same region or province. As such, it is possible to go skiing in a mountain resort after sunbathing on a sandy beach, both in the same day.

Language & Currency

The official language, Turkish, is the first language spoken by 90% of the 78.74m population. Minority languages; Kurdish is spoken by 6% of the population. Arabic is spoken by 1.2% of the Turkish population; most of those speakers are bilingual Arabic and Turkish speakers. Other minority languages include Circassian, spoken by more than 0.09% throughout the country, Greek, Armenian and ladino, language spoken by Jews.

The unit of Turkish money is the Turkish Lira (Türk Lirası, TL). On 1 March 2012 the symbol ( ) was introduced by the Turkish Central Bank to denote the Turkish Lira.
Banknotes are in denominations of TL 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 liras.
The lira is divided into 100 Kuruş, with coins in denominations of Kr 1 (rare), 5, 10, 25 and 50 (Kuruş).

Health System

Health care in Turkey consists of a mix of public and private health services. Turkey has universal health care under its Universal Health Insurance (Genel Sağlık Sigortası) system. Under this system, all residents registered with the Social Security Institution (SGK) can receive medical treatment free of charge in hospitals contracted to the SGK.
The following medical treatments are covered by the SGK:
Work accidents and vocational illnesses
Infectious diseases
Preventive health services (drug and alcohol abuse)
Extraordinary events (injuries from war and natural disasters)
Fertility treatment for women younger than 39
Cosmetic surgery deemed medically necessary Read Full Post…


Izmir is a great city for students. There are a variety of options for safe and affordable living as well as many convenient transportation choices that make getting around the city easy. Many universities in Izmir have on-campus or nearby halls of residence or dormitories available for incoming students. These types of facilities afford easy access to campus life. Alternatively, students may want to rent their own flat or house. There are many great neighborhoods to live in Izmir, each with its own unique character. Monthly rents will vary depending on the facilities offered. A great option for new students is to share accommodations with a Turkish or other exchange or foreign student. The International Office of the host university may assist in the student’s search for suitable accommodations. Read Full Post…

Health system & social insurance

The social security system in Turkey went through a major transformation in 2007, resulting in a more efficient and fast functioning system, based on centralizing the control of different social security funds in a single institution.

The three insurance funds, namely SSK, Emekli Sandigi and Bag-Kur, were merged under a sole body called the Social Security Institution (SSI) in 2007. The three insurance funds together cover around 81% of the population as of 2008. The system started to be fully operational at the beginning of 2008.

Social Security Premium Payments

Social security premiums (as a percentage of employee’s gross earnings) are payable by both employers and employees. To given an outline, the below table shows the rates regarding the issue.
Read Full Post…

Turkish Tax System

The Turkish tax regime is an important part of the economy and can be divided into 3 main categories:
• Income Taxes, such as Individual Income Tax and Corporate Income Tax
• Taxes on Expenditure, such as Value Added Tax or Banking and Insurance Transaction Tax or Stamp Tax
• Taxes on Wealth, such as Property Tax or Inheritance and Gift Tax
Income Taxes
Income taxes in Turkey are levied upon the income, both domestic and foreign, of individuals and corporations resident in Turkey. Non-residents earning income in Turkey through employment, ownership of property, carrying on a business or other activities providing an income are also subject to taxation, but only on their income derived in Turkey.
Individual Income Tax
The limited tax liability covers trade or business income from a permanent establishment, salaries for work done in Turkey (regardless of where paid or whether or not remitted to Turkey), rental income from real property in Turkey, Turkish derived interest, and income from the sale of patents, copyrights and similar intangible assets. The personal income tax rate varies from 15% to 40%.
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Work Permits

In order to work in Turkey, foreigners should obtain a working visa. In addition to this, they will also need to get a working permit. The Law Concerning Work Permits of Expatriates No. 4817, dated March 6, 2003 has introduced fundamental changes in Turkish law. One of the most crucial changes is that the competent (expert) authority for the work permits will be the Ministry of Labour and Social Security. The new law has introduced four (4) types of work permits. Each type will be discussed in detail below:
• 1. Periodical/Definite: is usually given for maximum one year, taking into account factors such as the situation in the business market and etc. However, one should take into consideration that the duration may be extended up to three (3) years depending on conditions;
• 2. Indefinite: is usually given in case when foreigners have been living in Turkey ‘legally and uninterruptedly’ for at least eight (8) years or have had a total of six (6) years of working period in Turkey. Another important factor that needs to be mentioned is that under this type a work permit would be granted without any terms/conditions. However, foreigners will need to provide a certificate given by the police authorities. The next step will be to present all needed documents to the Ministry. Applicants should bear in mind that eight (8) years period does not include education time; Read Full Post…

Education system

Education in Turkey is governed by a national system which was established in accordance with the Atatürk Reforms after the Turkish War of Independence. It is a state-supervised system designed to produce a skilful professional class for the social and economic institutes of the nation
Compulsory education lasts 12 years. Primary and secondary education is financed by the state and free of charge in public schools, between the ages of 6 and 18, and by 2001 enrolment of children in this age range was nearly 100%. Secondary or high school education is mandatory but required in order to then progress to universities. By 2011 there were 166 universities in Turkey. Except for the Open Education Faculty (Turkish: Açıköğretim Fakültesi) at Anadolu University, entrance is regulated by a national examination, after which high school graduates are assigned to university according to their performance.
In 2002, the total expenditure on education in Turkey amounted to $13.4 billion, including the state budget allocated through the National Ministry of Education and private and international funds.
On November 22, 2010, the government initiated the Fatih project which seeks to integrate state-of-the-art computer technology into Turkey’s public education system Read Full Post…