Language & Currency

Spanish

Spanish, also called Castilian, is a Romance language which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers across the world. Spanish is part of the Indo-European family of languages. The Spanish language evolved from Vulgar Latin, which was brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Romans during the Second Punic War, beginning in 210 BC.

With 329 million native speakers, Spanish ranks as the world’s language in terms of how many people speak it as their first language. It is slightly ahead of English (328 million) but far behind.

The Royal Spanish Academy (Real Academia Española), created in the 18th century, is widely considered the arbiter of standard Spanish. It produces authoritative dictionaries and grammar guides. Although its decisions do not have the force of law, they are widely followed in both Spain and Latin America

These are the countries where Spanish is spoken:

Some words can be significantly different in different Hispanophone countries. Most Spanish speakers can recognize other Spanish forms even in places where they are not commonly used, but Spaniards generally do not recognize specifically American usages.

These are some of the most typical expressions in Spanish.

Castilian Spanish1

Latin American Spanish

English

vale bien (universal), listo (Colombia) okay
Bienvenido Bienvenido Welcome
¿Cómo te llamas? ¿Cuál es tu nombre? What’s your name?
Buenas tardes/noche Buenas tardes/noches Good evening
Perdón Disculpe Excuse me
¡Ten un buen día! ¡Que tenga un buen día! Have a nice day!

Currency

T he euro was introduced as money in Spain in 2002. The majority of the European Union members adopted this new currency to make traveling between countries easier, since the currency for Spain is the same in most EU countries. The euro is the official currency of 16 of 27 estates in Europe: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Estonia (due to join in 2011). The euro consists of 7 bank notes with values of: 500€, 200€, 100€, 50€, 20€, 10€ and 5€, and 8 coins with values of: 2€, 1€, 0.50€, 0.20€, 0.10€, 0.05€, 0.02€ and 0.01€. On the denomination side of the Spanish currency, the image is the same for all European countries, but the image on the face side of the coins is different according to which country the coin comes from.

At right, there’s a map where you can see the countries that uses the Euro as their currency.

Spain’s currency history prior to the euro consisted of the Spanish Real, the Spanish Escudo, and the Spanish Peseta. Most of the changes in Spanish money occurred due to conceptual shifts, when certain denominations of an old Spanish currency began to be mentioned with words that would later be used to describe what would eventually become the new currency in Spain.

This is a table in which appear all the currencies that has been used in the history of Spain.

Currency

Date created

Date abolished

Exchange

Common face of one euro coin.jpg Euro 2002 1 euro = 166.386 pesetas
100 pesetas.png Peseta 1869 2002 5 pesetas = 2 escudos

Silver escudo 1864 1869 10 reales = 1 escudo
Spain 1687 8 Escudo.jpg Gold escudo 1535/1537 1849 1 escudo = 16 reales
Potosi Real.jpg Spanish real mid-14th century 1864 1 real = 3 maravedíes
Alfonso VIII maravedí 701240.jpg Maravedí 11th century 14th century

Spanish money 10th century 10th century

 

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