PERMITS AND VISAS

Working in Spain: PERMITS AND VISAS

 

THE CURRENT JOB MARKET IN SPAIN

Spain’s unemployment rate is one of the highest in Europe. But there are some jobs still available. There are certain sectors in Spain where vacancies exist as the positions are difficult to fill. For example: Positions in teaching, mechanical, industrial and production engineers, computing and business experts, commercial relations…

Seasonal work in the tourist trade and teaching English are both popular sources of employment for foreigners.

In the current job market, it’s important not to rule out getting a temporary job or taking on a lower salary at first until you can find something more permanent.

Starting a business or self-employment and freelancing is also an option.

 

SPANISH WORK ENVIRONMENT AND LABOUR LAW.

The average number of hours per week is 40 hours. From 9 and com very late at 20:00, with pauses breakfast and lunch.

Wages in Spain fell in almost all sectors after the economic crisis, with the public sector particularly affected strengthens but wages in the private sector and electronic trade, tourism, engineering and construction.

The minimum wage is 655,20 euros per month or 21.84 euros per day.

 

REQUIREMENTS FOR FOREIGNERS WORKING IN SPAIN

You need both work visas and residence permits.Citizens of the European Union can work freely in Spain.

You also need to get your NIE number and register with the National Tax Office tax Agency.If you will be employee must apply for work permit Social Affairs and whether it will work on your own you have to apply at the Spanish consulate in their country of origin.

 

Languages:if you don’t speak Spanish, besides working for a multinational company, opportunities for English speakers include tourism, real estate, teaching English and services aimed at expats.For other types of employment, you will usually need to speak Spanish.

Qualificationsand references:Make sure your professional qualifications are recognized in Spain by contacting the Ministry for Education and Culture and Sports.

 

JOBS IN SPAIN: (Recruitment agencies)

Recruitment agencies tend to deal with temporary jobs as Antal International, Hays Specialist Recruitment, Net Business Solutions. Empresas de Trabajo Temporal (ETT) hire workers directly and then assign them to other companies who will oversee the work itself, otherwise you can check which agencies are registered. Besides some agencies listed above for specialist professions, another private employment agency offering temporary and permanent work includes Adecco.

The companies that we have said before, they are a recruitment company for the people they want a job.

JOB APPLICATION: (Preparing a Spanish cv and interview tips)

When you’ve found a job, we have to prepare an application. And you have to prepare the curriculum vitae (CV) and cover letter to the Spanish market and prepare for a job interview and avoid mistakes.

Applying for a job in Spain: which language?

You will need to present yourself and all your skills, qualifications and experience in the way that Spanish employers expect.

 

YOUR SPANISH JOB APPLICATION

You should write both your CV and covering letter in Spanish unless specifically requested to write in another language or if the job requires no knowledge of Spanish.

Online and email applications are becoming more popular but some companies still prefer to receive a hard copy of a CV and cover letter.

                                

 

 

 

 

 

 

holidays & leisure

HOLIDAYS

Formentera

One of the most beautiful places in Spain is the island of Formentera. Formentera is known for its beaches, and they are usually compared with the ones located in the Caribbean. It is located in the Balearic Islands.

Y ou can do a lot of things there, like scuba diving, kayak, explore all the small bays or just chill out watching the sunset.

Lanzarote

Lanzarote is one of the seven Canary Islands which are located near the African coast. It is the third most populous island of the Canary Islands. The official language is Spanish, but the local people have a very strong accent.

T here, you can sunbathe in those special beaches with black sand and visit all the volcanos.

The Pyrenees

The Pyrenees is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between France and Spain.

T here so many mountain activities to do, for example: hiking, cycling, and rafting. And it is one of the most famous places to go skiing and snowboarding during winter.

 

Language & Currency

Spanish

Spanish, also called Castilian, is a Romance language which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers across the world. Spanish is part of the Indo-European family of languages. The Spanish language evolved from Vulgar Latin, which was brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Romans during the Second Punic War, beginning in 210 BC.

With 329 million native speakers, Spanish ranks as the world’s language in terms of how many people speak it as their first language. It is slightly ahead of English (328 million) but far behind. Read Full Post…

education

Andrea Escolà , Paula Ferrer and Maria Luna

THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION

The system of education in Spain are classified in five branches:
↳Nursery school / Pre-scholar

Primary School

Secondary School/ E.S.O

Bachelor/ middle and higher grades

University

Nursery School:

This part of education is from the 0 years to 6 years .

This educational stage is not obligatory .

The pre-scholar is an early educational level because they are studies previous of the primary school.

Primary School:

The primary school is obligatory. This the level in which we learn to read, write, calculate and the basic cultural concepts .

This stage has six courses and it is from 6 to 12 years. In public institutions it is total free less the books and the material.

Secondary School(E.S.O):

The secondary school is obligatory too. The students are around 12 when they start it, and it ends at the time when they are 16. The end of E.S.O is the time when students choose the studies than they will do in a future, depending if they will do baccalaurate or vocational training.

Bachelor and middle and higher grades of vocational training:

The baccalaureate are the studies that you take when you end the secondary school. They are not compulsory and they take 2 years.

Baccalaureate is divided into 4 branches: scientific, technological, social and humanistic baccalaureates. Depending on your future studies in the university, you choose one of these 4 branches.

At the time you end to be a bachelor, you can go to the university taking an exam called “selectivitat”

There are a lot of different vocational training degrees and they are divided into 2 levels: middle degrees and high or upper degrees.

The middle lasts 1 or 2 years, depending on the studies you choose. The same with the upper ones.

These are for the students who want to specialize in something more specific.

They are a way to access the university too but without the “selectivitat” and it takes 1 or 2 years more than the bachelor to access.

University and after studies:

At the university there aren’t age limits. The degrees are accessed with the selectivity exam and it depends on the note you can study for a degree or another.
The University is the institution for the teaching top, the research, creation of scientific culture and humanistic .

The university is organised in different faculties. In these faculties the different corresponding academic degrees are taught.

The different studies are divided in these branches:

Arts and Humanities

Sciences

Health Sciences

Social and Legal Sciences

Engineering and architecture

They are are classified in three cycles :

Grade : university study of three to four years

Master: study of one or two years and after university degrees. They are organised to specialize more.

Doctorate : study of two or three years and after the university degrees too. It is for the research and it is the equivalent of engineering and architect.

In Spain there are eighty-three universities and 22 percent of people have university studies.

social security & health system

Health system in Spain:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2sYOdnjcSkU

What is social security?

Social security is a set of measures that society provides to people to avoid economic and social imbalances that may mean the reduction or loss of income due to misfortunes such as illness, accident, maternity or unemployment.

Therefore, it refers primarily to a field of social welfare related to social protection or coverage of the socially recognized

Today, social security is considered as a human right untouchable.

Who is it for?

To the general population, to social security institutions, teachers, parents, workers, but especially to children and teens who are the future of the society.

The foreigners also have security social?

Foreigners can have social security if they meet any of the requirements:

  • Be pensioner of the Security Social.

  • Be perceptor of any other provision periodic of it security Social, included the provision and the subsidy by unemployment or others like it.

  • Having exhausted the benefit or allowance for unemployment or other benefits like it, be unemployed, does not represent the condition of insured by any other title and reside in Spain.

The foreigners not registered or authorized as residents in Spain can’t have security social. Only in the following exceptions:

  • As urgency by disease serious or accident, any that is its cause, until the situation of high medical.

  • Such as assistance to pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum. In all case, the foreigners under 18 years receive assistance health in the same conditions that the Spanish.

Health System